Maharaja of Kapurthala Jagatjit Singh gave an important place to education, including girl education. During his rule, several education institutions were established.
Schools in the city are mainly associated with Punjab School Education Board (PSEB), Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE).
The most famous school of Kapurthala is Sainik School, Kapurthala which is under the ministry of Defence. The school houses in historical Jagatjit Palace. The central Sainik School Board conducts central examination for admission in class VI and IX.
The Kapurthala district also has Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jawahar Navodaya School, Army School. Army School, Beas also falls in Dhilwan Area, of Kapurthala. These schools are mainly associates with CBSE.
The district has good network of Private schools in Punjabi, English and Hindi medium. The many NGOs and societies are running schools for decades now.
There are many new entrants in the academics with a business background with their main objective of cashing on private sector education boom.
The kindergarten and playways schools laying the foundation for primary education. The government of Punjab also started pre-primary schools.
The infrastructure of government schools has improved recently with provisions of Projectors, Atal Tinkering Labs, LED TVs., Sports Infrastructure.
All government schools provide Free or concessional education.