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Fact Sheet

 

 DISTRICT KAPURTHALA PROFILE AT A GLANCE - 31 MARCH 2003

1

Name of the District

Kapurthala

2

Geographical Area
No. of blocks/ Talukas
No. of  villages (inhabited)
No. of villages electrified
No. of villages connected by all weather roads.
No. of villages having supply of potable water

1633 sq Kms.
5
633
633
633
633

3

Rainfall
Normal: 621 mm (Avg. rainfall for last 5 years)

Actual (in mm)

 

 

2000

2001

 

 

542.2

704

4

Agro-climatic Region and Zone

Central Alluvial Plain (central plain zone)

5

Population (2001)

Urban

Rural

Total

 

Male

132,989

265,889

398,878

 

Female

112,150

241,259

353,409

 

Total

245,139

507,148

752,287

 

Population density/ sq km

460.67

 

Population below poverty line

12617 families

6

Classification of workers (2001)

 

 

    Cultivators

59,495

 

    Of (a) small and Marginal Farmers

NA

 

    Agricultural Labourers

35,360

 

    Artisans

NA

 

    Household cottage industries

7,325

 

    Other workers

159,972

7

Land Utilisation (Data: 2000-01) hectares (ha)

 

 

a) Geographical Area

163000 ha

 

b) Net Sown Area

135000 ha

 

d) Fallow land

2000 ha

 

e) Land not available for cultivation

28000 ha

 

f) Cropping Intensity

194 %

 

g) Area under high yielding variety seeds of Paddy & wheat

100 %

8

Size of holdings

No.     (%)

Area(ha)          (%)

 

Less than 1 ha

5,980   (15.4)

4,032                  2.7

 

Between 1 and 2 ha

7,498   (19.4)

10,618                7.1

 

Above 2 ha

25,270 ( 65.2)

135,197             90.2

 

Total

38,748 (100)

149,847              100

9

Irrigation in ha

 

 

        Net irrigated area

136,200

 

        By canals 

1,200

 

        By Tube wells 

135,000

 

        By other sources 

-

10

Consumption of chemical fertilizer

170 kgs/ ha

11

Agriculture support facilities

 

 

Rural Markets/ Mandis

5

 

Cold storages

24 (59400MT)

12

Animal Husbandry (1997)

 

 

        Plough Animals

-

 

        Dairy Animals

 

 

                -Cattle (cows)

86,400

 

                       -Buffaloes

179,700

 

        Sheep/ goat

6,000

 

        Poultry

198,300

13

Predominant economic activities prevalent in the district

Agriculture, dairy, poultry, business, rice milling, diesel parts, electric and mechanical engineering.

14

Major food/ commercial and plantation/ horticulture crops

Wheat, paddy, sugarcane, potato, chili, maize, vegetables, guava, poplar.

Special/ Additional features of the district

  • Investments in infrastructure are integral to the process of economic development and go hand in hand with the direct investments in productive sectors. A good number of rural infrastructure projects have been executed in the district with assisstance from the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) set up in NABARD. The completed projects include construction of drainage and water canalisation works, advance bund, flood protection works, construction of roads and bridges etc. The projects which are under execution include rural water supply projects, construction of primary schools and road works. As a result of completed RIDF works there is likely to be increase in the on farm development works in the benefited areas, easier and quicker movement of inputs and produce on account of trouble free transportation and lowering of costs which would result in better productivity and increased of take of credit flow from the financing agencies.
  • The wheat-paddy rotation primarily adopted in the district has become a source of multiple problems for the farmers viz. lowering of water tables, problems of storage and marketing of crops, depletion of soil nutrients etc. The Punjab Agro has taken initiatives for contract farming of maize, basmati & hyola saron in collaboration with private companies.
  • Due to lowering of water table a good number of farmers have gone in for investments in submersible pumps and in generator sets due to erratic power supply.
  • Since the prices available for wheat/ paddy are no more lucrative, the returns from agriculture have declined. However, there has been very little shift in cropping pattern, away from the wheat & paddy crop, inspite of various problems as discussed above.
  • The district is covered under AEZ for potato and basmati, however, the progress in implementation is slow.

Important socio-economic developments in the district

  • There is a strong desire among the youngsters to go abroad especially from Phagwara, Kapurthala and Nadala blocks which dissuades them from taking up higher studies as well as self employment enterprises.
  • There is inadequate presence of NGOs/ VAs and woman organisations in the district on account of which socio-economic developmental activities have taken a back seat. However, philanthropic NRIs and religio-social organisations occasionally take initiatives in the social sector.
  • A Science City, the National Institute of Renewable Energy Project, Punjab Technical University and a National Road Safety Organisation which are coming up in the district are likely to have a positive influence on the districtís economy.
  • The district has been identified by NABARD for 'District Rural Industries Projectí (DRIP). DRIP is an integrated area based project for development of Rural Non Farm Sector through credit intensification process in collaboration with project partners. The project which has been launched during 2002-03 is likely to have a positive influence on the Non -farm sector activities in the district.

    *District Profile Source: NABARD

Fact Sheet: Punjab


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