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History of Kapurthala

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Life Sketch of Maharaja Jagatjit Singh

Maharaja Kharak Singh 's son Tikka Jagatjit Singh (1872-1948) became the ruler when he was barely five years old. During his minority the state was administered by an officer of Punjab Commission, assisted by a council composed of the Principal officials of the state. The Maharaja had the rare honour of occupying the Gaddi for 67 years and actually ruling the State for more than 55 years (till 1948).

The young Maharaja was very carefully brought up and received liberal education under the guardianship of able and carefully selected tutors. At an early age he showed a singular linguistic aptitude and acquired an intimate knowledge of English and French, both of which he speaks most fluently besides learning Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian, Urdu and Gurmukhi. During his minority the State was administered by a succession of brilliant British Civilians, many of whom became, in due course, Lieut-Governers. Among the most prominent of them were Sir Lepel Griffin, Sir Mackworth Colonel Massy. These superintendents who were ably assisted by a Council of trusted State officials introduced various useful reforms, which were conducive to the efficiency of the State administration and the general welfare of the people.

The Maharaja took great interest in raising buildings, which included the main Palace, The Royal Courts or Court of Justice, The Grand Moorish Mosque, The Gurudwara at Kapurthala and at Sultanpur Lodhi (Gurudwara Ber Sahib). The Maharaja assumed government office state at the eighteen years age on 24th November 1890. The Maharaja had the rare honour of occupying the Gaddi for 67 years and actually ruling the State for more than 55 years (till 1948).

He was one the most widely traveled king of his time. He had been to all over Europe, North, Central and South America, Egypt, China, Japan, Siam, Java and the Straits settlement.

The Maharaja had 13 guns Honours permanently and of 15 as a personal distinction. His title was 'His Highness Kings of Kings Brig. Maharaja Jagatjit Singh, G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., G.B.E.' He represented India in the League of Nations in Geneva in 1926,1927 and 1929. He was also a member of plenary session of second round Table Conference in London in 1931. The Maharaja stood fifth in order of precedence among the ruling chiefs of Punjab. It is extremely rare if not altogether impossible to find an Indian Ruler occupying the Gaddi of his ancestors for a long period of sixty-seven years. Very few among the princely order of India had been favoured by fortune to actually rule their Sates for over fifty-four years like His Highness Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala.

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